Chicken Farms, Real Estate & Appraisals

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Broiler Farm 800X400
This is the most common type of poultry farm. Based upon the desired bird size, this farm produces a 2.5 lb. to 8 lb. bird in 4 to 8 weeks which is processed for various types of retail sale to consumers, grocery stores or fast food chains as whole birds, cut-up breast, wings, thigh, drumsticks, deboned breast meat, or further processed pieces. Poultry companies such as Tyson, Pilgrim’s Pride, George’s, Simmons, OK Foods, and others, provide the delivery of baby chicks and feed, medication, management assistance, catching and hauling to the processing plant, weighing and processing of the birds, and payment to an individual growers farm. The poultry grower provides the housing and equipment, labor, utilities, real estate taxes, insurance, maintenance, clean-out of poultry waste (litter) or treatment of poultry litter, laying down new wood shavings or rice hulls for the next flock (batch) and dead bird disposal.

The grower is paid per pound of accepted meat to the plant. This pay is based upon an average pay per pound. All poultry growers selling within a time period, (usually a week), are averaged for cost per pound of meat delivered to the processing plant. This cost consists of baby chick cost, feed cost, medication cost, etc. Growers with better than average cost per pound are paid on an increasing pay scale. Growers with worse than average cost per pound are paid on a decreasing pay scale. Growers with average cost per pound are paid the contracted price per pound (typically $0.0515 to $0.065cents per pound).

Based upon the size bird for the contract, the grower sells from 4 to 10 flocks per year, with an average being 5.5 flocks. They are also typically paid some type of fuel allowance for 2 winter flocks to help with the extra heating costs.

Breeder Farm 800X400
This is the second most common type poultry farm. This farm produces hatching eggs for delivery to the hatchery. After 21 day incubation period, the hatchery then delivers the baby chicks to the broiler houses. They have roosters which breed the hens, so the hen hopefully lays a fertile egg (about 85-90% hatch is considered to be an acceptable range). Poultry companies such as Tyson, Pilgrim’s Pride, George’s, Simmons, OK Foods, and others, provide the delivery of 20-22 week old hens and roosters and feed, medication, management assistance, picking up eggs from the farm and delivery to the hatchery, catching and hauling to the spent hen processing plant when the hens are approx. 64 weeks old, processing of the eggs – measuring amount of eggs and percentage hatch, and payment to an individual growers farm. The poultry grower provides the housing and equipment, labor, utilities, real estate taxes, insurance, maintenance, clean-out of poultry waste (litter), laying down new wood shavings or rice hulls for the next flock and dead bird disposal.

The grower is paid so much per square foot until the hens start laying at about 30% (for example: out of 10,000 hens, 3000 eggs are collected per day). Then they are paid so much per dozen eggs plus a hatch and feed bonus. These 2 bonuses are paid on a sliding scale based upon the percent of eggs that hatch and the amount of feed per hen to produce a dozen eggs. A flock consists of about 42-44 weeks with 3-6 weeks typical out time. Since a year is 52 weeks and an average flock is 43 weeks with 4 week average out time, they usually get another 5 weeks of a 2nd flock in a 52 week period. They are not paid while there are no hens in the houses.

Pullet Farm 800X400
This is the least common type poultry farm. This farm produces pullets and roosters to be delivered to a breeder hen house at 20-22 weeks old when they are sexually mature to breed and lay eggs. Poultry companies such as Tyson, Pilgrim’s Pride, George’s, Simmons, OK Foods, and others, provide the delivery of baby chicks and feed, medication, management assistance, delivery to the breeder hen houses, and payment to an individual growers farm. The poultry grower provides the housing and equipment, labor, utilities, real estate taxes, insurance, maintenance, clean-out of poultry waste (litter), laying down new wood shavings or rice hulls for the next flock and dead bird disposal.

The grower is paid so much per square foot until the pullets/roosters are 20-22 weeks old and are delivered to a breeder hen house. The grower pay is the most consistent as they receive the same amount per week similar to a commercial rent. They are not paid while there are no birds on the houses. They typically get 2 to 2.33 flocks per 52 week period, as each flock usually is 20-22 weeks when they are delivered to a hen house.